by John P. Pratt
Reprinted from Meridian Magazine (18 Jun 2004)
©2004 by John P. Pratt. All rights Reserved.
|1.1 84 x 84 Years|
|1.2 "12 o'clock" Star|
|1.3 Chinese Calendar|
|2. Chronos Calendar|
|2.1 Outer Planet Orbits|
|2.2 Cycle of Life|
|2.5 Book of Mormon|
In a recent Meridian article it was pointed out that the orbit of each of the planets in our solar system appears to have been designed to keep track of time, just as the Lord explained to Abraham. It was there noted that the planet Uranus was especially well suited for keeping track of long periods of time. This article shows how that planet is the master time keeper not only for the Hebrew calendar, but also the Chinese calendar. Moreover, it also tracks short periods of time, including important dates in the lives of both Adam and Christ.
One clue that Chronos is designed to reckon the entire seven millennia of world history is that counting 12 sets of 84 years equals 1,008 years, which is very close to one millennium. Counting seven sets of those millennia yields 7,056 years. In other words, counting 84 sets of 84 years yields exactly 7,056 years, divided nicely into seven equal parts. This very nice pattern suggests further investigation. Is there any way to verify that the Lord actually had this use in mind? If so, is there a natural starting point?
It turns out that there was a conjunction of Chronos with Regulus in the year 4005 BC. That date is very near the date derived in these articles for the "Beginning of Mortality" of 4001 BC, which suggests that we are on the right track in thinking that Chronos might be useful to reckon the seven millennia, at least according to one calendar.
If this is correct thinking then let us consider where the "Meridian of Time" would fall, being after four millennia. It would come in the year AD 28. Did anything happen then? That was very shortly before the Savior's baptism on Sat 6 Oct AD 29 and the beginning of his public ministry on Sat 6 Apr AD 30. The actual conjunctions of Chronos and Regulus can vary from the average date of every 84 years by a year or so. Also, there can be up to three conjunctions because the planet travels in a looped path. Figure 1 shows just how close the conjunction of Chronos and Regulus was on the very day that Christ began his public ministry. Thus, the evidence is mounting that the Lord is indeed using Chronos to measure the great periods of time of the millennia.
Because the Chinese calendar has never been mentioned in any of my articles, it seems appropriate to explain why it may also have an inspired origin. Who are the Chinese? That should be a subject for several volumes, but let me make one brief speculation. The story of the origin of both the Chinese and of the Jaredites is very similar. The Jaredites left Babylon, headed north and built barges to cross a great inland sea, which must have been the Caspian sea (Ether 2:5-7). Then they went on to later build more barges to cross the Pacific Ocean, perhaps leaving from the coast of China. The Chinese claim to have migrated from the tower of Babel about the same time, and to have followed the Yellow River to where a prophet went up on a mountain to pray. So the possibility seems very real to me that the Chinese are descendants of Jaredites who might have not completed the final leg of the journey. The Jaredites had great wisdom, and might have had access to calendar cycles which have been lost to others.
So the question arises, when does the 12-year cycle of the Chinese calendar begin? That first year is called the Year of the Rat, and it turns out that both the years AD 28 and 4005 BC were the Year of the Rat. So both the Chinese 12-year cycle and the Hebrew 7-year cycle begin in the first year of 84-year Chronos cycle. And the cycle is accurate enough that Chronos-Regulus conjunctions can be used to reckon time for all 7,056 years.
This evidence all indicates that Chronos may indeed have been designed to reckon time in the same way that prophets were instructed to do. It fits exactly with what Abraham was shown about the planets being designed to reckon time. But is Chronos useful only for long term reckoning? Until this week I had thought so, but now it is clear how a daily Chronos Calendar could work.
But what about the outer planets which are more distant from the sun that is the earth? They do not experience the evening and morning star cycles, but they instead have only one "all night" cycle. How can a calendar be made for them? Until this week, I had never tried to make a life cycle calendar for any of the outer planets. That cycle is dependent on where the sun is (synodic period) and I felt that the position relative to the stars such as Regulus (sidereal period) was far more important. But on Tue 15 June 2004 all of the essential details became clear to me. The life-cycle calendar is not only possible for the outer planets, but the Lord seems to be using it. Many people have asked me about the potential significance of the rare Venus transit which just occurred. I have responded that the important date on the Venus calendar is not the date of the transit (8 June), but the date of its resurrection (15 June). I'm not sure what else might have happened on 15 June, but to me it is important that the entire scheme for the life-cycle of the outer planets became clear. Let us briefly look at only the highlights of such a calendar for Chronos.
So the birth, prime and death points of the life-cycle of an outer planet are easy to identify. The difference from an inner, evening-morning star planet, is that it does not "resurrect" after dying in the west, by rising as a morning star in the east. Instead, it simply starts another life-cycle at birth. In other words, the inner planets have two distinct parts, an "evening" and a "morning" star phase, whereas the outer planets have only one "all-night" cycle.
Moreover, the outer planets display the retrograde motion which the inner planets don't, so we must improvise somewhat to complete the analogy between them. Here is a first proposal at how to compare the two. Each key orbital day is a "holy day" which begins a period of many days.
The milestones during life are more clear in the outer planets and the milestones in the next life are more clear in the inner planets. In particular, after the "birth" of an outer planet, it reverses direction when its retrograde motion begins (Point 4 in Figure 2). That could correspond to becoming an "adult" which was the next phase defined for the inner planets. Then comes "prime" which means when either an inner or outer planet is most dominant (middle of retrograde motion, Point 5 in Figure 2). But then what should the next outer phase of life be called, where the retrograde motion ends (Point 6 in Figure 2)? There is a corresponding point for Venus in which the planet is brightest, which occurs two or three weeks after the planet is highest in the sky. Until now, that point has been overlooked in my work and the two points (highest and brightest) were combined into the Prime date. Because the points are clearly separated for the outer planets, it is here proposed to separate them for Venus also. But what should this new point be called?
We in the West might use the word "retirement" or "old age" to describe the period after the prime of life and before death. But in the East, older people are revered for their wisdom. It is there said that a life of 80 years should be divided into ages 0-20 as youth, 20-40 as adult worker, 40-60 for meditation, and 60-80 for teaching. Another word for teacher is "master," as in the apprentice, journeyman, master progression or in the neophyte, disciple, master relationship. So I propose "master" as the name of the new point. The following table summarizes how these holy days relate to the orbital planetary positons.
|Holy Day||Inner Planet||Outer Planet|
|1 Creation||low in east||(invisible)|
|1 Quickening||sets in east||(invisible)|
|1 Birth||rises in west||rises in east|
|1 Adult||low in west||begin retrograde|
|1 Prime||highest in west||rises at sunset|
|1 Master||brightest in west||end retrograde|
|1 Death||sets in west||sets in west|
|1 Resurrection||rises in east||(invisible)|
|1 Lord||high in east||(invisible)|
The length of these cycles varies greatly for the different outer planets. For Mars this (synodic) cycle requires 780 days. The cycle gets shorter for each more distant planet because the length depends on when the sun causes the planet to appear and disappear. As the planet gets very distant, the period approaches one earth year in length (369.66 days for Chronos). That exact period is maintained on the Chronos calendar by approximately alternating years of 364 and 377 days according to a fixed pattern which always keeps the first day aligned with a 13-day trecena of the Sacred Round. Now let us see the results of keeping time in Chronos cycles.
B-day. In an earlier article it was pointed out that there is one day in all of history indicated for the day on which Adam first breathed the breath of life (abbreviated "b-day"): Sat 17 Oct 4070 BC. It was indicated so strongly that it became the starting point for an entire chronology of world history. The indication was that the day represented the day of birth on several sacred calendars, including those of Mercury and Venus. Now that a third planet calendar is finally understood, it turns out that the same day was also the day of birth on the Chronos calendar. The day was already a unique day in over 15,000 years, and this newly discovered alignment increases its rarity by another factor of 28. It was such a rare day indeed that by itself it is becoming a strong argument for the design of the solar system.
Death. But the alignments for Adam don't end there. It was also shown that there is an indicated death date for Adam which was the final day of several cycles on those very same calendars. Is that pattern also fulfilled for the Chronos calendar? I take the law of witnesses very seriously, and generally do not publish any date as meaningful unless there are at least two witnesses that it is correct. After all, the b-day of Adam falling on 1 Birth on the Chronos calendar might just be a chance coincidence. Well, the second witness now comes forth to testify. The proposed death date for Adam (Tue 26 Sep 3071 BC) fell exactly on the day 0 Birth on the Chronos calendar (the day preceding 1 Birth). Thus, the life of Adam was an exact number of Chronos cycles!
These two new witnesses for Adam add to already overwhelming evidence for the correctness of those two dates. But in that article, we saw that Adam is tied closely to Christ in all things, including chronology. Let us now see how the events in the life of Christ also tie to the Chronos Calendar.
Birth. In the case of the Savior, some calendars aligned on the day of his birth, such as the Hebrew, Venus and Mercury calendars. Others aligned on the birth-like event of his presentation at the temple on the fortieth day of his life, including the Priest, Enoch, and the Mercury calendars. It is on this latter date that the Chronos calendar also aligns. The day Sun 14 May 1 BC when Jesus was presented to the Jeshua priest was also the day 1 Birth on the Chronos calendar. Thus the pattern is continued.
Ministry. It has already been noted about that the beginning of the ministry of Christ occurred right at an actual conjunction of Chronos with the 12-o'clock star Regulus. That is rare because it takes Chronos 84 years to complete one cycle around the great celestial zodiac clock. The day of actual conjunctions does not always correspond to the planet's calendar, which is based on average, not actual, planetary positions. But in this case they coincide. That is, the day Sat 6 Apr AD 30 corresponds to 0 Master on the Chronos calendar. Thus, the Savior became a public teacher on the initial day of the Chronos cycle representing becoming a master teacher. Thus we actually have two witnesses from Chronos of the importance of this day: the calendrical and the observational.
Transfiguration. The day proposed previously for the Savior's transfiguration (Sat 2 Oct AD 32) was shown to be a holy day on all of the sacred calendars known at that time. Now that a new calendar is being discovered, it turns out that the day was also 0 Birth on the Chronos calendar. Thus, we have yet another witness of the correctness of that date.
There are also many other alignments of the Chronos calendar in the life of the Savior, but it is too early to publish them, as the precise cycle and method of intercalation is not yet known with certainty. These three examples, however, illustrate the idea, and the correctness of the essentials of the model.
The following table summarizes the alignments discussed so far for the day 1 Birth on the Chronos calendar. I couldn't resist throwing in one bonus date: that of the ordination of the prophet Enoch (D&C 107:48). Besides the alignments listed, it was also the beginning day of the Priest cycle, which seems especially appropriate for an ordination. Enoch also ties closely to Adam, being his scribe (D&C 107:57). Enoch's proposed birth date is also on 1 Eagle.
|Adam b.||Sat 17 Oct 4070 BC||1 Eagle||1 Bir||1 Bir||1 Bir|
|Enoch ordained||Sat 5 May 3352 BC||1 Eagle||1 Cre||1 Cre||1 Bir|
|Adam d.||Tue 26 Sep 3071 BC||13 Grass||0 Cre||0 Cre||0 Bir|
|Jesus to Priest||Sun 14 May 1 BC||1 Grass||-||1 Bir||1 Bir|
|Transfiguration||Sat 2 Oct AD 32||13 Light||0 Adt||0 Adt||0 Bir|
|Book of Mormon||Thu 25 Mar 1830||1 Eagle||1 Res||1 Cre||1 Bir|
It was shown that the planet Chronos (Uranus) is a sacred timekeeper not only in its 84-year sidereal orbital period through the starry background, but also in its 369.66-day synodic life-cycle period which forms the basis of a Chronos Calendar. The 84-year period, as measured from conjunctions with the "12 o'clock" star Regulus is always aligned with the starting year of both the Hebrew 7-year sabbatical cycle as well as the Chinese 12-year cycle. Moreover, it divides history into seven millennia. The Chronos calendar was developed as the first example of the pattern to be used for all of the outer planets. It was shown to be another witness for key dates in the life of Adam, Christ, and of the resurrection of the Book of Mormon. Even though it is very dim, this planet has an important place in the planetary sequence revealed to Abraham as having been designed by the Lord to reckon time and to testify of Christ (Moses 6:63).